Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects the eyes. It is caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). The condition can develop in anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes and is a leading cause of blindness in adults. Chronic high blood sugar levels can cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina. The blood vessels may swell and leak, or abnormal new blood vessels may grow on the surface of the retina, leading to vision problems. Early stage where small areas of swelling occur in the retina's blood vessels. Many more blood vessels are blocked, depriving the retina of its blood supply, leading to the growth of new blood vessels. Advanced stage where new, abnormal blood vessels proliferate, which can lead to severe vision loss or blindness. Annual comprehensive eye exams can detect retinopathy early. Maintaining good control of blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels can help prevent or delay the onset of diabetic retinopathy. Adopting a healthy diet, regular exercise, and avoiding smoking can contribute to overall eye health. Diabetic retinopathy is a serious complication of diabetes that can lead to vision loss if not detected and managed early. 

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