Pre-Diabetes/Borderline Diabetes (Pre-cursor to Diabetes Mellitus)

Prediabetes, also commonly referred to as borderline diabetes, is a metabolic condition and growing global problem that is closely tied to obesity. Prediabetes is the precursor stage before diabetes mellitus in which not all of the symptoms required to diagnose diabetes are present, but blood sugar is abnormally high. Prediabetes is characterized by the presence of blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be classed as diabetes.
For this reason, prediabetes is often described as the “gray area” between normal blood sugar and diabetic levels. In the UK, around 7 million people are estimated to have prediabetes and thus have a high risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is associated with obesity (especially abdominal or visceral obesity), dyslipidemia with high triglycerides and/or low HDL cholesterol, and hypertension. It is thus a metabolic diathesis or syndrome, and it usually involves no symptoms and only high blood sugar as the sole sign.
The progression to type 2 diabetes mellitus is not inevitable for those with prediabetes. The progression into diabetes mellitus from prediabetes is approximately 25% over three to five years. For patients with severe risk factors, prescription medication may be appropriate. This may be considered in patients for whom lifestyle therapy has failed, or is not sustainable, and who are at high-risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Metformin and acarbose help prevent the development of frank diabetes, and also have a good safety profile. The most serious consequence of prediabetes is progression to type 2 diabetes.
 

  • Impaired fasting glycaemia
  • Impaired glucose tolerance
  • Insulin resistance
  • Tests for Pre-Diabetes
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Genetic Influence on Pre-diabetes
  • Healthy Meals and Physical Exercise
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • GFR Estimation To Stop Kidney Disease
  • Erectile dysfunction and Nocturia

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